Urbino is once again restored to its status of “Renaissance capital of mathematics”

La Città Ideale

An exhibition attempts to unveil one of the greatest mysteries of the Renaissance: The Ideal City will be viewable to visitors until July 8 in the National Gallery of the Marche, inside the Ducal Palace of Urbino.
The table, of which neither its function nor author have yet been discovered, is an example of the commingling of several fields of art and study: pictorial art, perspective science, philosophical, urban, and architectural speculation. All of which developed in the setting of illuminated Urbino in the first half of the  15th century at the court of Duke Federico from Montefeltro.
The aim of the exhibition supervised by Vittoria Garibaldi and Lorenza Mochi Onori is to record how a table preserved in the National Gallery of the Marche in Urbino, known by the name of "Ideal City", is intrinsically tied to two other twin paintings of the cities of Baltimore and Berlin; the first stored in the Walters Art Gallery of the same city and included in the exhibition, while the second cannot be transported due to its awful conditions.
The painting related to the city of the Marche has a perfect perspective, which must be the result of careful studies and research over a broad spectrum, both from a merely engineering and architectural viewpoint and from a mathematical and philosophical one. All of these facts have earned 15th century Urbino the epithet of capital of "Renaissance mathematics" (André Chastel).
Eighty-some works will be on display in the exhibition, authored with the most disparate artistic techniques, from paintings to wooden models, from sculptures to illuminated codes, which clearly show the cultural level that this tiny city set deep in the hills of Montefeltro, a sort of adhesive sticking together the lands of Tuscany, Umbria, Marche, and Romagna, had reached.
The exhibition offers an unmissable opportunity to discover which secrets are hidden in so mysterious and peculiar works, to study in greater depth through the architecture painted the meaning of the ideal city and to fully understand the meaning of the utopias depicted in them.

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